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Dementia care pathways in prisons – a comprehensive scoping review

Samantha Treacy Orcid Logo, Steven Martin, Nelum Samarutilake, Veronica Phillips, Ben R. Underwood, Tine Van Bortel Orcid Logo

Health and Justice, Volume: 12, Issue: 1

Swansea University Author: Samantha Treacy Orcid Logo

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Abstract

BackgroundThe number of older people in prison is growing. As a result, there will also be more prisoners suffering from dementia. The support and management of this population is likely to present multiple challenges to the prison system.ObjectivesTo examine the published literature on the care and...

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Published in: Health and Justice
ISSN: 2194-7899
Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2024
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa65494
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Abstract: BackgroundThe number of older people in prison is growing. As a result, there will also be more prisoners suffering from dementia. The support and management of this population is likely to present multiple challenges to the prison system.ObjectivesTo examine the published literature on the care and supervision of people living in prison with dementia and on transitioning into the community; to identify good practice and recommendations that might inform the development of prison dementia care pathways.MethodsA scoping review methodology was adopted with reporting guided by the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews checklist and explanation.ResultsSixty-seven papers were included. Most of these were from high income countries, with the majority from the United Kingdom (n = 34), followed by the United States (n = 15), and Australia (n = 12). One further paper was from India.DiscussionThe literature indicated that there were difficulties across the prison system for people with dementia along the pathway from reception to release and resettlement. These touched upon all aspects of prison life and its environment, including health and social care. A lack of resources and national and regional policies were identified as important barriers, although a number of solutions were also identified in the literature, including the development of locally tailored policies and increased collaboration with the voluntary sector.ConclusionTo our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive and inclusive review of the literature on dementia care pathways in prison to date. It has identified a number of important areas of concern and opportunities for future research across the prison system, and its operations. This will hopefully lead to the identification or adaptation of interventions to be implemented and evaluated, and facilitate the development of dementia care pathways in prisons.
Keywords: Prisons; People living in prison; Dementia; Care pathways
College: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Funders: Partly funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East of England - previously, the Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care East of England – and the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT)
Issue: 1