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Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study / Cristina, Izura

Journal of Memory and Language, Volume: 64, Issue: 1, Pages: 32 - 58

Swansea University Author: Cristina, Izura

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Abstract

Early acquired words are processed faster than later acquired words in lexical and semantictasks. Demonstrating such age of acquisition (AoA) effects beyond reasonable doubt, andthen investigating those effects empirically, is complicated by the natural correlationbetween AoA and other word properti...

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Published in: Journal of Memory and Language
ISSN: 0749-596X
Published: 2011
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa9095
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first_indexed 2013-07-23T12:01:35Z
last_indexed 2018-02-09T04:37:49Z
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spelling 2014-03-03T16:11:14.3153472 v2 9095 2012-03-05 Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study 334f125cf00274e92560e6229b4657f2 Cristina Izura Cristina Izura true false 2012-03-05 HPS Early acquired words are processed faster than later acquired words in lexical and semantictasks. Demonstrating such age of acquisition (AoA) effects beyond reasonable doubt, andthen investigating those effects empirically, is complicated by the natural correlationbetween AoA and other word properties such as frequency and imageability. In an effortto find a laboratory analog of AoA effects which would allow such issues to be addressedmore easily, we conducted three experiments in which participants learned foreign words,with some (‘early’) words trained from the outset while other (‘late’) words were introducedsome time later then interleaved with the early words. Order of acquisition effectswere observed in picture naming, lexical decision and semantic categorization, persistingfor several weeks after the end of training. The results demonstrate an important role fororder of acquisition in the formation of lexical representations that is independent of otherfactors such as cumulative frequency, frequency trajectory and imageability. Analyses ofcumulative learning effects offer the potential to investigate the differential impact of earlyand later experiences on the formation of lexical and other mental representations. Thediscovery of order of acquisition effects in word learning also has implications for classroomteaching of second language vocabulary. Journal Article Journal of Memory and Language 64 1 32 58 0749-596X 31 12 2011 2011-12-31 10.1016/j.jml.2010.09.002 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2014-03-03T16:11:14.3153472 2012-03-05T11:42:36.9943094 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology C Izura 1 M.A. Pérez 2 E Agallou 3 V.C. Wright 4 J Marín 5 H Stadthagen-González 6 A Ellis 7 Cristina Izura 8
title Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
spellingShingle Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
Cristina, Izura
title_short Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
title_full Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
title_fullStr Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
title_full_unstemmed Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
title_sort Age/order of acquisition effects and the cumulative learning of foreign words: A word training study
author_id_str_mv 334f125cf00274e92560e6229b4657f2
author_id_fullname_str_mv 334f125cf00274e92560e6229b4657f2_***_Cristina, Izura
author Cristina, Izura
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container_title Journal of Memory and Language
container_volume 64
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publishDate 2011
institution Swansea University
issn 0749-596X
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.jml.2010.09.002
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
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description Early acquired words are processed faster than later acquired words in lexical and semantictasks. Demonstrating such age of acquisition (AoA) effects beyond reasonable doubt, andthen investigating those effects empirically, is complicated by the natural correlationbetween AoA and other word properties such as frequency and imageability. In an effortto find a laboratory analog of AoA effects which would allow such issues to be addressedmore easily, we conducted three experiments in which participants learned foreign words,with some (‘early’) words trained from the outset while other (‘late’) words were introducedsome time later then interleaved with the early words. Order of acquisition effectswere observed in picture naming, lexical decision and semantic categorization, persistingfor several weeks after the end of training. The results demonstrate an important role fororder of acquisition in the formation of lexical representations that is independent of otherfactors such as cumulative frequency, frequency trajectory and imageability. Analyses ofcumulative learning effects offer the potential to investigate the differential impact of earlyand later experiences on the formation of lexical and other mental representations. Thediscovery of order of acquisition effects in word learning also has implications for classroomteaching of second language vocabulary.
published_date 2011-12-31T03:36:44Z
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