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Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry / G Liebisch, J. A Vizcaino, H Kofeler, M Trotzmuller, W. J Griffiths, G Schmitz, F Spener, M. J. O Wakelam, William Griffiths

The Journal of Lipid Research, Volume: 54, Issue: 6

Swansea University Author: William Griffiths

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DOI (Published version): 10.1194/jlr.M033506

Abstract

There is a need for a standardized, practical annotation for structures of lipid species derived from mass spectrometric approaches; i.e., for high-throughput data obtained from instruments operating in either high- or low-resolution modes. This proposal is based on common, officially accepted terms...

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Published in: The Journal of Lipid Research
ISSN: 0022-2275
Published: 2013
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa14864
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first_indexed 2013-07-23T12:13:01Z
last_indexed 2018-02-09T04:46:30Z
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spelling 2013-05-22T10:31:34.3427459 v2 14864 2013-05-22 Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e 0000-0002-4129-6616 William Griffiths William Griffiths true false 2013-05-22 BMS There is a need for a standardized, practical annotation for structures of lipid species derived from mass spectrometric approaches; i.e., for high-throughput data obtained from instruments operating in either high- or low-resolution modes. This proposal is based on common, officially accepted terms and builds upon the LIPID MAPS terminology. It aims to add defined levels of information below the LIPID MAPS nomenclature, as detailed chemical structures, including stereochemistry, are usually not automatically provided by mass spectrometric analysis. To this end, rules for lipid species annotation were developed that reflect the structural information derived from the analysis. For example, commonly used head group-specific analysis of glycerophospholipids (GP) by low-resolution instruments is neither capable of differentiating the fatty acids linked to the glycerol backbone nor able to define their bond type (ester, alkyl-, or alk-1-enyl-ether). This and other missing structural information is covered by the proposed shorthand notation presented here. Beyond GPs, we provide shorthand notation for fatty acids/acyls (FA), glycerolipids (GL), sphingolipids (SP), and sterols (ST). In summary, this defined shorthand nomenclature provides a standard methodology for reporting lipid species from mass spectrometric analysis and for constructing databases Journal Article The Journal of Lipid Research 54 6 1530 0022-2275 31 12 2013 2013-12-31 10.1194/jlr.M033506 COLLEGE NANME Biomedical Sciences COLLEGE CODE BMS Swansea University 2013-05-22T10:31:34.3427459 2013-05-22T10:31:34.3427459 Swansea University Medical School Medicine G Liebisch 1 J. A Vizcaino 2 H Kofeler 3 M Trotzmuller 4 W. J Griffiths 5 G Schmitz 6 F Spener 7 M. J. O Wakelam 8 William Griffiths 0000-0002-4129-6616 9
title Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
spellingShingle Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
William, Griffiths
title_short Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
title_full Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
title_fullStr Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
title_full_unstemmed Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
title_sort Shorthand notation for lipid structures derived from mass spectrometry
author_id_str_mv 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3316b1d1b524be1831790933eed1c26e_***_William, Griffiths
author William, Griffiths
author2 G Liebisch
J. A Vizcaino
H Kofeler
M Trotzmuller
W. J Griffiths
G Schmitz
F Spener
M. J. O Wakelam
William Griffiths
format Journal article
container_title The Journal of Lipid Research
container_volume 54
container_issue 6
publishDate 2013
institution Swansea University
issn 0022-2275
doi_str_mv 10.1194/jlr.M033506
college_str Swansea University Medical School
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id swanseauniversitymedicalschool
hierarchy_top_title Swansea University Medical School
hierarchy_parent_id swanseauniversitymedicalschool
hierarchy_parent_title Swansea University Medical School
department_str Medicine{{{_:::_}}}Swansea University Medical School{{{_:::_}}}Medicine
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description There is a need for a standardized, practical annotation for structures of lipid species derived from mass spectrometric approaches; i.e., for high-throughput data obtained from instruments operating in either high- or low-resolution modes. This proposal is based on common, officially accepted terms and builds upon the LIPID MAPS terminology. It aims to add defined levels of information below the LIPID MAPS nomenclature, as detailed chemical structures, including stereochemistry, are usually not automatically provided by mass spectrometric analysis. To this end, rules for lipid species annotation were developed that reflect the structural information derived from the analysis. For example, commonly used head group-specific analysis of glycerophospholipids (GP) by low-resolution instruments is neither capable of differentiating the fatty acids linked to the glycerol backbone nor able to define their bond type (ester, alkyl-, or alk-1-enyl-ether). This and other missing structural information is covered by the proposed shorthand notation presented here. Beyond GPs, we provide shorthand notation for fatty acids/acyls (FA), glycerolipids (GL), sphingolipids (SP), and sterols (ST). In summary, this defined shorthand nomenclature provides a standard methodology for reporting lipid species from mass spectrometric analysis and for constructing databases
published_date 2013-12-31T03:27:01Z
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score 10.825796