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How do university education and clinical experience influence pre-registration nursing students' infection control practice? A descriptive, cross sectional survey / Jayne Cutter

Nurse Education Today, Volume: 34, Issue: 2, Pages: 196 - 201

Swansea University Author: Jayne Cutter

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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.005

Abstract

Aims: This study aims to explore the influence of university education and clinical experience on infection control knowledge and practice.Background: Healthcare assoicated infections are a significant problem. Prevention can only be achieved by a well educated knowledgable clinical workforce. Howev...

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Published in: Nurse Education Today
Published: 2014
Online Access: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.005
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa17403
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Abstract: Aims: This study aims to explore the influence of university education and clinical experience on infection control knowledge and practice.Background: Healthcare assoicated infections are a significant problem. Prevention can only be achieved by a well educated knowledgable clinical workforce. However, numerous studies have identified sub optimal infection prevention and control knowledge and practice. Education has had some success in improving the infection control knowledge among healthcare professionals but little is known on its effect on nursing students in the UK. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among a non-probability, purposive sample of 354 nursing students in a university in South Wales. Findings: Students were knowledgable on pathogen transmission, hand hygiene principles, glove use, immediate action following sharps' injuries, and risk reduction in relation to sharps and waste management. They were less knowledgable on the chain of infection, the use of alcohol gel, Clostridium difficile and the definition of inoculation injury. Knowledge and practice were influenced by university education (340/353, 96.3%), mentors (322/354, 91.2%), other nurses (316/353, 89.3%), doctors (175/353, 49.4%) and other members of the multi-disciplinary team(213/352, 60.2%). Other factors that influenced practice included workload, time, availability of facilities and equipment. Theoretical and practical knowledge, supported by competent role models was deemed important. Conclusion: Nursing is a largely practice based profession. The study identified the complexities education and application of knowledge in such a discipline. It is clear that many variables affect infection prevention and control practice. The role of positive role models cannot be under estimated.
Keywords: Nursing students; infection prevention and control; knowledge; clinical practice; education; survey
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 2
Start Page: 196
End Page: 201