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Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between / Othmar Moser; Jane E. Yardley; Richard Bracken

Nutrients, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, Start page: 93

Swansea University Author: Bracken, Richard

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/nu10010093

Abstract

Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body...

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Published in: Nutrients
ISSN: 2072-6643
Published: 2018
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa38098
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first_indexed 2018-01-15T19:25:48Z
last_indexed 2018-03-06T14:12:34Z
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spelling 2018-03-06T12:45:01Z v2 38098 2018-01-15 Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between Richard Bracken Richard Bracken true 0000-0002-6986-6449 false f5da81cd18adfdedb2ccb845bddc12f7 c2f12190ee439c0b43c81a7e4080b512 3Wdnxc03MzLF9YK+G8SHrhXCE6Z9OGBXOD9D5JU4+T4= 2018-01-15 STSC Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body fluid redistribution within the interstitial compartment, alterations in interstitial fluid volume, changes in rate and direction of fluid flow between the vasculature, interstitium and lymphatics, as well as alterations in the rate of glucose production and uptake by exercising tissues, make for caution when interpreting device read-outs in a rapidly changing internal environment during acute exercise. We present an understanding of the physiological and metabolic changes taking place with acute exercise and detail the blood and interstitial glucose responses with different forms of exercise, namely sustained endurance, high-intensity, and strength exercises in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Further, we detail novel technical information on currently available patient devices. As more health services and insurance companies advocate their use, understanding continuous and flash glucose monitoring for its strengths and limitations may offer more confidence for patients aiming to manage glycemia around exercise. Journal article Nutrients 10 1 93 2072-6643 continuous glucose monitoring; flash glucose monitoring; exercise; interstitium 15 1 2018 2018-01-15 10.3390/nu10010093 College of Engineering Sports Science CENG STSC None Doctoral None 2018-03-06T12:45:01Z 2018-01-15T09:11:05Z College of Engineering Sports Science Othmar Moser 1 Jane E. Yardley 2 Richard Bracken 3 0038098-15012018091354.pdf moser2018.pdf 2018-01-15T09:13:54Z Output 475347 application/pdf VoR true Updated Copyright 06/03/2018 2018-01-15T00:00:00 true eng
title Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
spellingShingle Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
Bracken, Richard
title_short Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
title_full Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
title_fullStr Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
title_full_unstemmed Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
title_sort Interstitial Glucose and Physical Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Integrative Physiology, Technology, and the Gap In-Between
author_id_str_mv f5da81cd18adfdedb2ccb845bddc12f7
author_id_fullname_str_mv f5da81cd18adfdedb2ccb845bddc12f7_***_Bracken, Richard
author Bracken, Richard
author2 Othmar Moser
Jane E. Yardley
Richard Bracken
format Journal article
container_title Nutrients
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publishDate 2018
institution Swansea University
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description Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body fluid redistribution within the interstitial compartment, alterations in interstitial fluid volume, changes in rate and direction of fluid flow between the vasculature, interstitium and lymphatics, as well as alterations in the rate of glucose production and uptake by exercising tissues, make for caution when interpreting device read-outs in a rapidly changing internal environment during acute exercise. We present an understanding of the physiological and metabolic changes taking place with acute exercise and detail the blood and interstitial glucose responses with different forms of exercise, namely sustained endurance, high-intensity, and strength exercises in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Further, we detail novel technical information on currently available patient devices. As more health services and insurance companies advocate their use, understanding continuous and flash glucose monitoring for its strengths and limitations may offer more confidence for patients aiming to manage glycemia around exercise.
published_date 2018-01-15T14:47:33Z
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