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Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator

Rafiq Mulla, Daniel R. Jones, Charlie Dunnill Orcid Logo, Daniel Jones

Advanced Materials Technologies, Volume: 5, Issue: 7, Start page: 2000227

Swansea University Authors: Rafiq Mulla, Charlie Dunnill Orcid Logo, Daniel Jones

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DOI (Published version): 10.1002/admt.202000227

Abstract

Paper‐based thermoelectric generators are a promising and economical alternative to expensive organic conductors that are normally preferred for flexible generators. In the present work, graphite pencil traces on regular Xerox paper are successfully employed to constitute a thermoelectric generator....

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Published in: Advanced Materials Technologies
ISSN: 2365-709X 2365-709X
Published: Wiley 2020
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa54390
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spelling v2 54390 2020-06-05 Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator 1a1c32917f31df48a473a4f846068035 Rafiq Mulla Rafiq Mulla true false 0c4af8958eda0d2e914a5edc3210cd9e 0000-0003-4052-6931 Charlie Dunnill Charlie Dunnill true false 88aaf2ee4c51d4405ef7f81e2e8f7bdb Daniel Jones Daniel Jones true false 2020-06-05 CHEG Paper‐based thermoelectric generators are a promising and economical alternative to expensive organic conductors that are normally preferred for flexible generators. In the present work, graphite pencil traces on regular Xerox paper are successfully employed to constitute a thermoelectric generator. In conjunction with polyethylenimine polymer, the graphite traces act as both the p‐type and n‐type thermoelectric “legs,” of a graphite‐based thermoelectric generator. The fabrication method is facile and requires no conducting paste or silver paste to connect individual thermoelectric legs. A test module containing five pairs of p‐n legs is fabricated on paper to test its performance. The device produces a thermoelectric voltage of 9.2 mV, generating an output power of 1.75 nW at a temperature difference of ≈60 K. The present work demonstrates that ordinary pencil on paper may be used as the foundation for a cheap, flexible, easily disposable, and environmentally friendly thermoelectric generator. Journal Article Advanced Materials Technologies 5 7 2000227 Wiley 2365-709X 2365-709X 1 7 2020 2020-07-01 10.1002/admt.202000227 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admt.202000227 COLLEGE NANME Chemical Engineering COLLEGE CODE CHEG Swansea University 2023-06-02T15:33:58.2994454 2020-06-05T09:51:03.9800597 Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Mechanical Engineering Rafiq Mulla 1 Daniel R. Jones 2 Charlie Dunnill 0000-0003-4052-6931 3 Daniel Jones 4 54390__17429__07293a3f64a94f68915d05cb4be1f188.pdf 54390.pdf 2020-06-05T09:52:46.1473473 Output 2427391 application/pdf Version of Record true © 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. true https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
spellingShingle Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
Rafiq Mulla
Charlie Dunnill
Daniel Jones
title_short Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
title_full Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
title_fullStr Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
title_full_unstemmed Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
title_sort Thermoelectric Paper: Graphite Pencil Traces on Paper to Fabricate a Thermoelectric Generator
author_id_str_mv 1a1c32917f31df48a473a4f846068035
0c4af8958eda0d2e914a5edc3210cd9e
88aaf2ee4c51d4405ef7f81e2e8f7bdb
author_id_fullname_str_mv 1a1c32917f31df48a473a4f846068035_***_Rafiq Mulla
0c4af8958eda0d2e914a5edc3210cd9e_***_Charlie Dunnill
88aaf2ee4c51d4405ef7f81e2e8f7bdb_***_Daniel Jones
author Rafiq Mulla
Charlie Dunnill
Daniel Jones
author2 Rafiq Mulla
Daniel R. Jones
Charlie Dunnill
Daniel Jones
format Journal article
container_title Advanced Materials Technologies
container_volume 5
container_issue 7
container_start_page 2000227
publishDate 2020
institution Swansea University
issn 2365-709X
2365-709X
doi_str_mv 10.1002/admt.202000227
publisher Wiley
college_str Faculty of Science and Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
department_str School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Mechanical Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Science and Engineering{{{_:::_}}}School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Mechanical Engineering
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admt.202000227
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description Paper‐based thermoelectric generators are a promising and economical alternative to expensive organic conductors that are normally preferred for flexible generators. In the present work, graphite pencil traces on regular Xerox paper are successfully employed to constitute a thermoelectric generator. In conjunction with polyethylenimine polymer, the graphite traces act as both the p‐type and n‐type thermoelectric “legs,” of a graphite‐based thermoelectric generator. The fabrication method is facile and requires no conducting paste or silver paste to connect individual thermoelectric legs. A test module containing five pairs of p‐n legs is fabricated on paper to test its performance. The device produces a thermoelectric voltage of 9.2 mV, generating an output power of 1.75 nW at a temperature difference of ≈60 K. The present work demonstrates that ordinary pencil on paper may be used as the foundation for a cheap, flexible, easily disposable, and environmentally friendly thermoelectric generator.
published_date 2020-07-01T15:33:56Z
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