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A role for metabolism in determining neonatal immune function / Sean Holm, Benjamin Jenkins, James Cronin, Nick Jones, Cathy Thornton

Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Volume: 32, Issue: 8, Pages: 1616 - 1628

Swansea University Authors: Sean Holm, Benjamin Jenkins, James Cronin, Nick Jones, Cathy Thornton

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DOI (Published version): 10.1111/pai.13583

Abstract

Immune responses of neonates differ markedly to those of adults, with skewed cytokine phenotypes, reduced inflammatory properties and drastically diminished memory function. Recent research efforts have started to unravel the role of cellular metabolism in determining immune cell fate and function....

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Published in: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
ISSN: 0905-6157 1399-3038
Published: Wiley 2021
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58165
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Abstract: Immune responses of neonates differ markedly to those of adults, with skewed cytokine phenotypes, reduced inflammatory properties and drastically diminished memory function. Recent research efforts have started to unravel the role of cellular metabolism in determining immune cell fate and function. For studies in humans, much of the work on metabolic mechanisms underpinning innate and adaptive immune responses by different haematopoietic cell types is in adults. Studies investigating the contribution of metabolic adaptation in the unique setting of early life are just emerging, and much more work is needed to elucidate the contribution of metabolism to neonatal immune responses. Here, we discuss our current understanding of neonatal immune responses, examine some of the latest developments in neonatal immunometabolism and consider the possible role of altered metabolism to the distinctive immune phenotype of the neonate. Understanding the role of metabolism in regulating immune function at this critical stage in life has direct benefit for the child by affording opportunities to maximize immediate and long-term health. Additionally, gaining insight into the diversity of human immune function and naturally evolved immunometabolic strategies that modulate immune function could be harnessed for a wide range of opportunities including new therapeutic approaches.
Keywords: immunometabolism, metabolic adaptation, neonatal immunity, T cells, umbilical cord blood
College: Swansea University Medical School
Funders: Not acknowledged in paper - listed on Wiley dashboard. Diabetes UK (GrantNumber(s): 17/0005758; Grant recipient(s): CATHERINE A. THORNTON) Ser Cymru, Welsh Government Medical Research Council (GrantNumber(s): MR/V037013/1; Grant recipient(s): CATHERINE A. THORNTON)
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1616
End Page: 1628