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COVID-19 infection risk amongst 14,104 vaccinated care home residents: a national observational longitudinal cohort study in Wales, UK, December 2020–March 2021

Joe Hollinghurst, Laura North, Malorie Perry, Ashley Akbari Orcid Logo, Michael Gravenor Orcid Logo, Ronan Lyons Orcid Logo, Rich Fry Orcid Logo

Age and Ageing, Volume: 51, Issue: 1

Swansea University Authors: Joe Hollinghurst, Laura North, Ashley Akbari Orcid Logo, Michael Gravenor Orcid Logo, Ronan Lyons Orcid Logo, Rich Fry Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1093/ageing/afab223

Abstract

Backgroundvaccinations for COVID-19 have been prioritised for older people living in care homes. However, vaccination trials included limited numbers of older people.Aimwe aimed to study infection rates of SARS-CoV-2 for older care home residents following vaccination and identify factors associated...

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Published in: Age and Ageing
ISSN: 0002-0729 1468-2834
Published: Oxford University Press (OUP) 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58868
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Abstract: Backgroundvaccinations for COVID-19 have been prioritised for older people living in care homes. However, vaccination trials included limited numbers of older people.Aimwe aimed to study infection rates of SARS-CoV-2 for older care home residents following vaccination and identify factors associated with increased risk of infection.Study Design and Settingwe conducted an observational data-linkage study including 14,104 vaccinated older care home residents in Wales (UK) using anonymised electronic health records and administrative data.Methodswe used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for the risk of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection following vaccination, after landmark times of either 7 or 21 days post-vaccination. We adjusted HRs for age, sex, frailty, prior SARS-CoV-2 infections and vaccination type.Resultswe observed a small proportion of care home residents with positive polymerase chain reaction (tests following vaccination 1.05% (N = 148), with 90% of infections occurring within 28 days. For the 7-day landmark analysis we found a reduced risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection for vaccinated individuals who had a previous infection; HR (95% confidence interval) 0.54 (0.30, 0.95). For the 21-day landmark analysis, we observed high HRs for individuals with low and intermediate frailty compared with those without; 4.59 (1.23, 17.12) and 4.85 (1.68, 14.04), respectively.Conclusionsincreased risk of infection after 21 days was associated with frailty. We found most infections occurred within 28 days of vaccination, suggesting extra precautions to reduce transmission risk should be taken in this time frame.
Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, vaccination, care homes, older people
College: Swansea University Medical School
Funders: HCRW_SCG-19-1654/HCRW/HCRW_/United Kingdom, MR/V028367/1/MRC_/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom, HDR-9006/HCRW/HCRW_/United Kingdom, ES/S007393/1/Economic and Social Research Council.
Issue: 1