No Cover Image

Journal article 107 views 8 downloads

“No Chit Chat!” A Warning From a Physical Versus Virtual Robot Invigilator: Which Matters Most?

Muneeb Ahmad Orcid Logo, REEM RAFIK

Frontiers in Robotics and AI, Volume: 9

Swansea University Authors: Muneeb Ahmad Orcid Logo, REEM RAFIK

  • 60247.pdf

    PDF | Version of Record

    © 2022 Ahmad and Refik . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).

    Download (1.29MB)

Abstract

Past work has not considered social robots as proctors or monitors to prevent cheating or to maintain discipline in the context of exam invigilation with adults. Further, we do not see an investigation into the role of invigilation for the robot presented in two different embodiments (physical v.s....

Full description

Published in: Frontiers in Robotics and AI
ISSN: 2296-9144
Published: Frontiers Media SA 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa60247
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Abstract: Past work has not considered social robots as proctors or monitors to prevent cheating or to maintain discipline in the context of exam invigilation with adults. Further, we do not see an investigation into the role of invigilation for the robot presented in two different embodiments (physical v.s. virtual). We demonstrate a system that enables a robot (physical & virtual) to act as an invigilator, and deploy an exam setup with two participants completing a programming task. We conducted two studies (an online video-based survey and an in-person evaluation) to understand participants' perceptions of the invigilator robot presented in two different embodiments. Additionally, we investigated whether participants showed cheating behaviour in one condition more than the other. The findings showed that participants' ratings did not differ significantly. Further, participants were more talkative in the virtual robot condition compared to the physical robot condition. These findings are promising and call for further research into the invigilation role for social robots in more subtle and complex exam-like settings.
Item Description: The raw data supporting the conclusion of this article will be made available by the authors without undue reservation.
Keywords: Invigilation, human robot interaction, embodiment, virtual agent invigilator, robot invigilator, Educational Robotics
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering