No Cover Image

Journal article 119 views 10 downloads

Jellyfish Collagen: A Biocompatible Collagen Source for 3D Scaffold Fabrication and Enhanced Chondrogenicity

Zara Ahmed, Lydia Powell Orcid Logo, Navid Matin, Andrew Mearns-Spragg Orcid Logo, Catherine A. Thornton, Ilyas M. Khan, Lewis Francis Orcid Logo

Marine Drugs, Volume: 19, Issue: 8, Start page: 405

Swansea University Authors: Lydia Powell Orcid Logo, Lewis Francis Orcid Logo

  • 61611.pdf

    PDF | Version of Record

    © 2021 by the authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license

    Download (3.1MB)

Check full text

DOI (Published version): 10.3390/md19080405

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease leading to degeneration of articular cartilage, causing morbidity in approximately 8.5 million of the UK population. As the dense extracellular matrix of articular cartilage is primarily composed of collagen, cartilage repair strategies have exploited...

Full description

Published in: Marine Drugs
ISSN: 1660-3397
Published: MDPI AG 2021
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa61611
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease leading to degeneration of articular cartilage, causing morbidity in approximately 8.5 million of the UK population. As the dense extracellular matrix of articular cartilage is primarily composed of collagen, cartilage repair strategies have exploited the biocompatibility and mechanical strength of bovine and porcine collagen to produce robust scaffolds for procedures such as matrix-induced chondrocyte implantation (MACI). However, mammalian sourced collagens pose safety risks such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy and possible transmission of viral vectors. This study characterised a non-mammalian jellyfish (Rhizostoma pulmo) collagen as an alternative, safer source in scaffold production for clinical use. Jellyfish collagen demonstrated comparable scaffold structural properties and stability when compared to mammalian collagen. Jellyfish collagen also displayed comparable immunogenic responses (platelet and leukocyte activation/cell death) and cytokine release profile in comparison to mammalian collagen in vitro. Further histological analysis of jellyfish collagen revealed bovine chondroprogenitor cell invasion and proliferation in the scaffold structures, where the scaffold supported enhanced chondrogenesis in the presence of TGFβ1. This study highlights the potential of jellyfish collagen as a safe and biocompatible biomaterial for both OA repair and further regenerative medicine applications.
Keywords: osteoarthritis; articular cartilage; jellyfish collagen; MACI
College: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
Funders: This study was a collaboration between Swansea University and Jellagen Ltd through the Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarship (KESS) part funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government (KESS 2 c80815). This work was also supported by SMARTExpertise 2014-2020 West Wales and the Valleys, European Regional Development Fund, under Grant 2017/COL/004.
Issue: 8
Start Page: 405