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Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya

Noora Kanerva Orcid Logo, Lucy Joy Wachira Orcid Logo, Noora Uusi-Ranta, Esther L. Anono, Hanna M. Walsh Orcid Logo, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Sophie Ochola, Nils Joseph Swindell Orcid Logo, Jatta Salmela Orcid Logo, Henna Vepsäläinen, Gareth Stratton Orcid Logo, Vincent Onywera Orcid Logo, Mikael Fogelholm Orcid Logo

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Swansea University Authors: Nils Joseph Swindell Orcid Logo, Gareth Stratton Orcid Logo

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to compare dietary patterns in preadolescents in urban areas with different physical activity and socioeconomic profiles in Nairobi, Kenya.Design: Cross-sectional.Participants: Preadolescents aged 9−14 years (n = 149) living in low- or middle-income areas in Nairobi.Variab...

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Published in: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
ISSN: 1499-4046
Published: Elsevier BV 2023
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa62922
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Weight and height were measured. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and physical activity by accelerometer.Analysis: Dietary patterns (DP) were formed through principal component analysis. Associations of age, sex, parental education, wealth, body mass index, physical activity, and sedentary time with DPs were analyzed with linear regression.Results: Three DPs explained 36% of the total variance in food consumption: (1) snacks, fast food, andmeat; (2) dairy products and plant protein; and (3) vegetables and refined grains. Higher wealth was associated with higher scores of the first DP (P &lt; 0.05).Conclusions and Implications: Consumption of foods often deemed unhealthy (eg, snacks and fast food) was more frequent among preadolescents whose families were wealthier. Interventions that seek ways to promote healthy lifestyles among families residing in urban areas of Kenya are warranted.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior</journal><volume>0</volume><journalNumber/><paginationStart/><paginationEnd/><publisher>Elsevier BV</publisher><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint>1499-4046</issnPrint><issnElectronic/><keywords>Dietary patterns, body mass index, physical activity, sedentary time, preadolescents</keywords><publishedDay>31</publishedDay><publishedMonth>3</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2023</publishedYear><publishedDate>2023-03-31</publishedDate><doi>10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001</doi><url>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001</url><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Sports Science</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm>Another institution paid the OA fee</apcterm><funders/><projectreference/><lastEdited>2023-03-27T16:24:59.4800922</lastEdited><Created>2023-03-13T08:58:22.0905998</Created><path><level id="1">Faculty of Science and Engineering</level><level id="2">School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Sport and Exercise Sciences</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Noora</firstname><surname>Kanerva</surname><orcid>0000-0001-6776-9357</orcid><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Lucy Joy</firstname><surname>Wachira</surname><orcid>0000-0003-2805-5997</orcid><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Noora</firstname><surname>Uusi-Ranta</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Esther L.</firstname><surname>Anono</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Hanna M.</firstname><surname>Walsh</surname><orcid>0000-0002-4923-2991</orcid><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Maijaliisa</firstname><surname>Erkkola</surname><order>6</order></author><author><firstname>Sophie</firstname><surname>Ochola</surname><order>7</order></author><author><firstname>Nils Joseph</firstname><surname>Swindell</surname><orcid>0000-0003-3742-6139</orcid><order>8</order></author><author><firstname>Jatta</firstname><surname>Salmela</surname><orcid>0000-0001-7880-834x</orcid><order>9</order></author><author><firstname>Henna</firstname><surname>Veps&#xE4;l&#xE4;inen</surname><order>10</order></author><author><firstname>Gareth</firstname><surname>Stratton</surname><orcid>0000-0001-5618-0803</orcid><order>11</order></author><author><firstname>Vincent</firstname><surname>Onywera</surname><orcid>0000-0001-8351-4696</orcid><order>12</order></author><author><firstname>Mikael</firstname><surname>Fogelholm</surname><orcid>0000-0001-8110-102x</orcid><order>13</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>62922__26818__89191f7d2bb94452a7dabbb72742089f.pdf</filename><originalFilename>62922.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2023-03-13T09:06:01.7043865</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>133374</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Version of Record</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><copyrightCorrect>false</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language><licence>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</licence></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2023-03-27T16:24:59.4800922 v2 62922 2023-03-13 Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya 189d1ae79723a932dc37ae54fff6e4cd 0000-0003-3742-6139 Nils Joseph Swindell Nils Joseph Swindell true true 6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01 0000-0001-5618-0803 Gareth Stratton Gareth Stratton true false 2023-03-13 Objective: The study aimed to compare dietary patterns in preadolescents in urban areas with different physical activity and socioeconomic profiles in Nairobi, Kenya.Design: Cross-sectional.Participants: Preadolescents aged 9−14 years (n = 149) living in low- or middle-income areas in Nairobi.Variables Measured: Sociodemographic characteristics were collected using a validated questionnaire. Weight and height were measured. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and physical activity by accelerometer.Analysis: Dietary patterns (DP) were formed through principal component analysis. Associations of age, sex, parental education, wealth, body mass index, physical activity, and sedentary time with DPs were analyzed with linear regression.Results: Three DPs explained 36% of the total variance in food consumption: (1) snacks, fast food, andmeat; (2) dairy products and plant protein; and (3) vegetables and refined grains. Higher wealth was associated with higher scores of the first DP (P < 0.05).Conclusions and Implications: Consumption of foods often deemed unhealthy (eg, snacks and fast food) was more frequent among preadolescents whose families were wealthier. Interventions that seek ways to promote healthy lifestyles among families residing in urban areas of Kenya are warranted. Journal Article Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 0 Elsevier BV 1499-4046 Dietary patterns, body mass index, physical activity, sedentary time, preadolescents 31 3 2023 2023-03-31 10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001 COLLEGE NANME Sports Science COLLEGE CODE Swansea University Another institution paid the OA fee 2023-03-27T16:24:59.4800922 2023-03-13T08:58:22.0905998 Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Sport and Exercise Sciences Noora Kanerva 0000-0001-6776-9357 1 Lucy Joy Wachira 0000-0003-2805-5997 2 Noora Uusi-Ranta 3 Esther L. Anono 4 Hanna M. Walsh 0000-0002-4923-2991 5 Maijaliisa Erkkola 6 Sophie Ochola 7 Nils Joseph Swindell 0000-0003-3742-6139 8 Jatta Salmela 0000-0001-7880-834x 9 Henna Vepsäläinen 10 Gareth Stratton 0000-0001-5618-0803 11 Vincent Onywera 0000-0001-8351-4696 12 Mikael Fogelholm 0000-0001-8110-102x 13 62922__26818__89191f7d2bb94452a7dabbb72742089f.pdf 62922.pdf 2023-03-13T09:06:01.7043865 Output 133374 application/pdf Version of Record true false eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
spellingShingle Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
Nils Joseph Swindell
Gareth Stratton
title_short Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
title_full Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
title_fullStr Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
title_full_unstemmed Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
title_sort Wealth and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Dietary Patterns Among Preadolescents in Nairobi City, Kenya
author_id_str_mv 189d1ae79723a932dc37ae54fff6e4cd
6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01
author_id_fullname_str_mv 189d1ae79723a932dc37ae54fff6e4cd_***_Nils Joseph Swindell
6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01_***_Gareth Stratton
author Nils Joseph Swindell
Gareth Stratton
author2 Noora Kanerva
Lucy Joy Wachira
Noora Uusi-Ranta
Esther L. Anono
Hanna M. Walsh
Maijaliisa Erkkola
Sophie Ochola
Nils Joseph Swindell
Jatta Salmela
Henna Vepsäläinen
Gareth Stratton
Vincent Onywera
Mikael Fogelholm
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
container_volume 0
publishDate 2023
institution Swansea University
issn 1499-4046
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
department_str School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Sport and Exercise Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Science and Engineering{{{_:::_}}}School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - Sport and Exercise Sciences
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2023.02.001
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Objective: The study aimed to compare dietary patterns in preadolescents in urban areas with different physical activity and socioeconomic profiles in Nairobi, Kenya.Design: Cross-sectional.Participants: Preadolescents aged 9−14 years (n = 149) living in low- or middle-income areas in Nairobi.Variables Measured: Sociodemographic characteristics were collected using a validated questionnaire. Weight and height were measured. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and physical activity by accelerometer.Analysis: Dietary patterns (DP) were formed through principal component analysis. Associations of age, sex, parental education, wealth, body mass index, physical activity, and sedentary time with DPs were analyzed with linear regression.Results: Three DPs explained 36% of the total variance in food consumption: (1) snacks, fast food, andmeat; (2) dairy products and plant protein; and (3) vegetables and refined grains. Higher wealth was associated with higher scores of the first DP (P < 0.05).Conclusions and Implications: Consumption of foods often deemed unhealthy (eg, snacks and fast food) was more frequent among preadolescents whose families were wealthier. Interventions that seek ways to promote healthy lifestyles among families residing in urban areas of Kenya are warranted.
published_date 2023-03-31T04:23:19Z
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